【大美乡愁】活动动态(52)一个村子都姓“夏”

0

编者按

湖南省民协【大美乡愁】寻找湖南最美“古村镇,老手艺”活动采编组,带你走进桂阳古村大湾。

【湖南日报】2014年9月23日第十二版报道

本报记者 文热心 邓明

通讯员 彭广业

大湾,桂阳与常宁两县(市)交界处一个古村。

全村200多户人家都姓夏。自元末以来,夏氏一支由“江西泰和县鹅颈徙居于此”,子孙繁衍,这里也就成为夏氏600多年的聚居地。

夏氏始祖选择这里,可谓目光如电。

640

大湾之美

这里环境优美。

古村北倚白阜岭,南傍潭流水,东对大字山,西靠鸾山,中间是一个平坦的肥沃盆地。

村子四周自古有“竹林风笛、石榜烟樵、镜潭印月”等美景。

竹林风笛——“牧子骑牛去欲仙,间依修竹未成眠;数声短笛凭谁和,借得长风入远天”,大字山远观如笔架,自山顶至山腰绿竹蓊蔚,绵延数千米,风起之时,层层绿浪跌宕起伏,萧萧竹声,悦耳动听。

石榜烟樵——大字山西南麓有雷泉,每天泉涌如奔,烟雾缥缈。泉边花香鸟鸣,樵夫栖息凉亭,倚松卧石而眠。

镜潭印月——大字山底多地穴,暗河迂回形成绿潭,深不可测。皓月当空,潭无一尘,水面如镜,也就是“天上一个月亮,潭中一个月亮了”。

640 (1)

大湾之便

这里交通便利。

今天看来,大湾是桂阳县的“边陲”,翻过北面的白阜岭就是常宁市了。可当年这里却是北通南达的咽喉之地。

那条石板古驿道就从村子正中穿过。它北可经常宁到衡阳,南过桂阳县城,入郴州城,直达广东。1923年谭(延闿)、赵(恒惕)战争时,陈炯明在广州政变,谭奉孙中山之命率部撤兵回援讨陈,路线就是衡阳—常宁—桂阳—郴州—广东。这有他的《桂阳道中》诗为证:“征途无容人将老,烈日炎风又桂阳”;“小笕蛇趋畦上下,老松龙伸路东西”。

大湾不仅有“大路”,也有河流。村南潭流水直入舂陵江,如此,这里也能通江达海。

640 (2)

大湾之居

这里建筑豪华。

夏氏始祖“以布衣起,家世业农”,可发展到十八世祖夏梅心时,“日益显赫于乡里”,其三子夏时官至巡抚,夏时之子夏寿田钦点榜眼。

夏氏家族的兴旺过程有建筑“年轮”印证。

夏梅心的老宅在村南,是一栋四栋三间青砖黑瓦小房。房子虽小,却不可小觐,上面对联是湖南清末民初大学者王闿运的亲笔,门框上的大理石来自云南。大概是他的儿孙发达后,对房子“装修”了一番。房前有青石筑成的小台,两对拴马石仍存。台子那边,是一个庞大的建筑群——他儿孙发迹后建的官屋。

“巡抚第”是夏时升任巡抚后在这里建的一所官厅。青砖黑瓦,高墙深院;三进九井,雕梁画栋。随着他在官场的得意,后来又建了花厅。记者看到,花厅围墙虽然倒塌,但当年的莲塘仍在,里头粉荷正绽。夏寿田钦点榜眼后,这里又起了“榜眼第”。接着,又建起了夏氏宗祠、夏氏家庙……

花厅旁边有一栋二层楼的四合院。住在里头的老人告诉记者,这里专住夏家小姐、太太,至于叫什么楼,他也说不清。记者看到,这里黄色大理石铺地,尽管一百多年了,上面仍然发出耀眼的光芒。至于楼上栅栏的雕花,虽然失去了光泽,但难掩其精致本色。

640 (3)

大湾之聚

这里人气旺盛。

村里人告诉记者,大湾至今保存着100多栋古民居。青砖瓦屋、青石巷道仍然是它的基本特色。虽然其他民居在规模、工艺、档次比不上夏氏父子的,可在“茅舍荆门”遍地年代,也堪称豪宅了。

它们与夏时父子官舍的关系,可用“众星拱月”作比。围绕“月”,前后左右有规律地排列着“星”——栋栋四栋三间二层小型民居。

夏氏父子也是夏氏家族的“精神中心”。记者走进一栋民居,问其中几位老人,为什么在夏家官舍旁建房。回答是:“都是夏家子孙,图个照应啊!”

640 (4)

这回答内涵丰富。在湘南,许多古村就是一个村子一个姓,有的是“一杆多枝”,有的是“多杆多枝”。一个姓聚居在一起,基于传统也罢,图个照应也罢,都是中国传统社会结构的反映,即宗亲血缘是维系社会稳定最基本的纽带。

这无疑是夏氏聚居大湾的社会原因。

Useful SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump For All Candidates From All Over The World

I started to think so SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump too.As a result, I did not know the complexity of the matter until the old paperwork handed me over. Objectively speaking, he is a heinous criminal.I shot, in fact, gave him a relief only. I want to find her, but you stopped it.I gave SAS Advanced Programming Exam for SAS 9 this knife SAS Institute Systems Certification A00-212 to you not because it is more expensive, not so, because it is not really worth how much money not to take you as a small shadow of the embodiment, because I know you are not her. The little hunters they gave to them were, of course, not the original SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump hunting knives used for hunting. But I ignored everything, just SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump SAS Institute Systems Certification A00-212 Braindump go in.I saw standing members of SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump the A00-212 Braindump brigade sitting at the conference table.

Tseng Kuo SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump fan just kowtow to exit, retreating to the door, Tseng Kuo fan heard Guangdi said a propaganda celebration , apparently for the public to listen http://www.examscert.com to Cao Gong. Yu and other people around them, tied one by one, and even the maid of honor, including a total of more than 50 people. Forget it, he was in Beijing for nine years.Nine SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump years, he was from the original Shuji Ji, jumped into the red top child is the second member. They also eat very little rice, SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump and the book does not look A00-212 Braindump very much, and they sit SAS Advanced Programming Exam for SAS 9 in the kang most of the SAS Institute Systems Certification A00-212 night. A while to see adults, adults please wait for a moment.Tseng Kuo fan heard the words, humming loudly, immediately feel the chaos Venus in front of his ears also instantly sounded a mighty force whistling.

I know the seriousness of the consequences, that is, SAS Advanced Programming Exam for SAS 9 Wang s necrotic right foot may be amputated. What about it She said coldly. A00-212 Braindump Tong Yang SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump rushed up to grab her hair and SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump put her pointed chin on her hand and said, you still want to pretend to be a ghost, what do SAS Institute Systems Certification A00-212 you want It SASInstitute A00-212 Braindump s not that I have slept once, how much will you A00-212 Braindump have to let me go, you say Su Han glared at him and did not speak. Oh, that s it, only romantic people believe in prophecy. Peter and Zoe climbed into the back seat. You searched yesterday. Kelly started.