【大美乡愁】活动动态⒇世外桃源—江永上甘棠村

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上甘棠博物馆

湖南省民协【大美乡愁】采编组,湖南省文联副主席曾应明,省民协副主席黄爱平,副秘书长王进斌、与湖南日报一行在永州市文联主席吕晓勇,江永县委常委、宣传部长卢文庆的带领下来到了位于永州市江永县城西南25公里的夏层铺镇上甘棠村。

走进上甘棠村就宛如步入了世外桃源。上甘棠村现有四百多户居民,共一千八百多人,除七户人家是建国后迁入该村的异姓外,其他都是周氏族人。周氏族人自宋代以前就开始定居上甘棠村,世代繁衍,延续至今。

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上甘棠村景

汉武帝元鼎6年(公元前111年)在上甘棠设置谢沐县治,属苍梧郡,历经700余年,至隋文帝开皇9年(公元589年),撤谢沐县,与营浦县合并设永阳县,县治搬离上甘棠。整个村落依山傍水,座东朝西,东靠屏峰山脉,村前环绕清澈的谢沐河,形成极好的风水闭合。上甘棠村民居大部分为晚清建筑,高大的风火墙,严整的纵深布局,考究的中轴对称,大面积的青水墙面,冠以起伏变化的白色腰带,缀以门庐、漏窗,上房屋四周突起的马头墙,具有典型的湘南建筑特色。

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文昌阁和步瀛桥

村庄里留下了大量的明清建筑,如明万历四十八年的文昌阁、明弘治六年的门楼、明嘉靖十年、清乾隆年的步瀛桥、民国二年的石围墙等,还有一批明显带有宋代特征的古建筑。创建于一千多年前的村庄,在历经千年风雨后,村庄的村名、位置、居住家族始终不变 考古专家称,像上甘棠村这种同时具有建筑、商业、书院、宗教等文化特色并保存完好的古村落,实属奇迹。在上甘棠村“月坡亭”有一摩崖石刻,据考证,该石刻是由上甘棠村周氏家族在1000年间陆续镌刻下来的,主要内容是讴歌上甘棠村的美好风光和周氏家族在该村进行的各项建设,共有功德碑、劝谕文、感怀诗、八景师等24方古代石刻,绵延宋、元、明、清4个朝代,是一部千年石刻家谱。

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摩崖石刻

上甘棠古迹众多,风景优美,在明朝就有《甘棠八景诗》描绘其景:“独石时耕景色明,甘棠晓读旧书声。山亭隐士敲棋局,清涧渔翁坐钓亭。西岭晴云浓复淡,昂山毓秀翠还青。龟山夕照纱笼晚,芳寺晓钟对鹤鸣。”精辟地概括甘棠八景为:独石时耕、甘棠晓读、山亭隐士、清涧渔翁、西岭晴云、昂山毓秀、龟山夕照和芳寺晓钟。

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